In Ohio, a number of factors are statutorily required to be considered in the determination of a child custody case. As in other states, there are two broad categories of child custody arrangements. One is sole custody, which gives physical and legal custody to one parent, usually with limited visitation rights to the other. The second category is shared custody, in which the parents share the parental decisions together.
Ohio law provides mandatory guidelines for the determination of custody matters. Some of the factors considered important are the wishes of the parents, the wishes of the children, the quality of communication between parents and the children's history of relating to each parent. Things like the distance between the parents homes may also be significant in determining what is best for the particular situation.